About Ranked Choice Voting
How it works...
Ranked Choice Voting is simple. You rank your candidates in order of preference, and can rank as few candidates as you would like.
This is a process that we are all familiar with: When you go to an ice cream store, and find that the store does not have your favorite flavor, do you generally leave the store without any ice cream? Or perhaps more likely, you express your next favorite ice cream flavor. This is what ranked choice voting allows for.
Here's a sample ballot with three candidates: strawberry, chocolate, and vanilla. Tough choices!
Voting tabulation for Ranked Choice Voting works as follows:
If a candidate has over 50% of the vote, that candidate wins.
If no candidate has over 50% of the vote, the candidate with the least number of votes has their votes redistributed to whoever the ballot lists as a second choice. This redistribution process repeats until a candidate accumulates over 50% of the vote.
For multi-seat elections, proportional Ranked Choice Voting can be used.
Where it's used...
Ranked Choice Voting has been used in Massachusetts and around the country in all sorts of different elections.
Cambridge, MA has been using ranked choice voting in their municipal elections since 1941! More recently, Easthampton used ranked choice voting in their municipal elections for the first time in their November 2021, making them the first municipality in Western Massachusetts to use ranked choice voting. Here's what voters had to say about their experience.
Maine and Alaska both use ranked choice voting for statewide elections, and Utah's Republican and County Parties have used Ranked Choice Voting for over 20 years.
Momentum is building in several other states and municipalities across the country around Ranked Choice Voting. Why are we seeing this momentum build? What is it that makes Ranked Choice Voting so appealing? Click here to find out!